Authorized to file for disability exception for a US citizenship applicant?

doctor primary-health-care

 

In order to certify a disability exception form only licensed medical professionals are authorized by United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) which includes medical doctors, osteopathy doctors and clinical psychologists. This exception form helps disabled applicants of US citizenship who are unable to meet the educational requirements. Applicants applying for American citizenship online also are eligible. In any state of the United States, Guam, Puerto Rico, Washington, D.C., the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the Virgin Islands these medical professionals should be licensed to practice.

What authorized medical professional does?

Following are the things a medical professional must do:

  • An in-person examination of the applicant must be conducted
  • On Form N-648 should properly explain the nature and extent of the medical condition
  • Applicant’s inability to comply with the English and civics requirements should be explained and also how it relates to his/her medical condition  
  • To show or prove that the medical condition has lasted or is expected to last at least 12 months attestation is required and 
  • Also to prove that illegal use of drugs is not reason for the cause of the medical condition attestation is required.

Using common terminology which a layman or a person who has no medical training can understand the medical professional must complete the disability exception form. Verification of the accuracy of the form’s content is the responsibility of the medical professional alone though a staff associated with the medical professional may assist in form completion. The supporting documents like the medical diagnostic reports and records must be attached to the form by the medical professional who certifies it. Written responses to each of the questions or item on the form must not be replaced by the attachments.

Points to remember by the officer

1. Review guidelines

To determine if the applicant is eligible for the exception an officer should review the disability exception form and decide if the applicant’s eligibility for the exception is sufficiently established by the form or not.

2. Completeness of Form to be checked

The disability form which is submitted must be checked for completeness by the officer and to make sure that all the required questions are answered by the medical professional and that along with the applicant he/she has certified the form. The officer should administer the English examination if all questions have not been answered or applicant or medical profession has not signed the form.

3. Medical Examination and Nexus

Focus should be on specific details provided by the medical professional if there is a nexus or casual connection between the applicant’s disability or impairment and his/her inability to express educational requirements for naturalization for the officer.

4. Interpreter Certification missing

On the disability exception form if the interpreter certification is not there the officer should confirm with the applicant if interpreter was used by medical professional during medical examination. Either the medical professional himself could have used native language during examination without or with interpreter.

5. Supplemental Disability Determination request

Supplementary disability determination should not be requested by officer generally and based on merits of original form evaluation should be done. In case from another medical professional supplementary disability determination form is requested the officer should explain reasons for doubting the authenticity of the information on the original form and also officer should consult and receive approval from his/her supervisor before requesting supplementary report. Also to facilitate the applicant’s ability to find another medical professional the relevant state medical board contact information should be provided to the applicant by the officer.

How long to become citizen depends on knowledge of US history too.

citizen civics test

 

The civics of the United States which includes the fundamentals of the history, form of government and its principles must be known by an applicant filing for naturalization. Time period of how long to become citizen by applicant is also decided based on how fast applicant gains knowledge of US government. Applicants should pass the civics portion of the citizenship test. When applying for American citizenship online also these tests are conducted. As last part before naturalization tests for English and civics requirements are conducted by an immigration officer.

What is civics test?

In the standardized test administered by an officer out of the ten questions asked orally the applicant should answer at least six of them correct to prove the civics knowledge sufficiently. The officer stops the tests once the applicant is able to answer six of the ten questions asked correctly.  

If applicant provides exact correct or an alternative phrasing of the answer for six of the ten questions asked an applicant passes the civics test.  An incorrect answer or failure to respond correctly to at least six of the ten questions asked from the standardized test form results in applicant failing the civics test.

Am I eligible for exemption?

After admission to US as a lawful permanent resident for at least 20 years of time period to applicant who is 65 years and above of age old officer gives special consideration. At the time of filing the application for US citizenship the age and time requirements must be met. When administering the civics tests to such applicants questions from the three “65/20” test forms are only asked by the officer. From the usual list of 100 questions these test forms only contain 20 specially designated civics questions.

Considerations for test

In choosing the subject, question phrasing and while responses are evaluated the officer administering the civics test must give due consideration depending on each case. Depending on the applicant’s age, background, education level and total time period of residence in the United States the evaluation of civics test should be decided. Also in order obtain the knowledge required the opportunities available and efforts made should be considered. To the applicant’s knowledge and understanding any other related relevant factors is also considered.

Civics and English requirements

Failing in all tests or either English portion or civics portion of the tests after the initial examination results in USCIS scheduling a retest for the applicant. Within 60 to 90 days from the initial examination the retest is conducted. Same forms administered during the initial examination for the English or civics tests should not be administered again by the officer in cases where the applicant is appearing for reexamination. Only in the areas where the applicant failed previously the officer must retest. The officer must only administer the English writing test during the re-examination if, for example, the applicant during the initial examination passed the English speaking, reading, and civics portions but failed the writing portion only.

Officer must deny the application based upon the applicant’s failure to meet the educational requirements for naturalization if an applicant fails any portion of the naturalization test a second time. In the denial notice any other areas of ineligibility also must be mentioned by the officer. If the applicant refuses to take a test or to reply to any of the questions asked an officer should treat it as a failure of the test.

Test results documentation

In the applicant’s A file the test results must be recorded by all the officers administering the English and civics tests. At the end of the naturalization examination officers are required to complete and provide to each applicant the results of the examination and testing except when  a denial notice is given to an applicant at the time by the officer. The results of the English and civics tests are included in the results.

Overview on educational requirements to obtain citizenship status in US.

USC requirement

 

Understanding of the English language which includes ability to read, speak and write the words used ordinarily must be shown by applicants filing for citizenship status in US
generally
. Also civics, the knowledge and good understanding of the fundamentals of the history and principles and form of the US government must be also demonstrated by applicants. English and civics are the requirements for naturalization. This applies for persons applying for American citizenship online also.

To the English requirements the applicant may be eligible for an exception if the applicant is of a certain age and for a good certain period of time applicant has been a lawful permanent resident. From both the English and civics requirements additionally certain applicants having physical or any developmental disability or any mental illness may be eligible.

Character requirement

Good moral character (GMC) is one of the requirements for naturalization. Important to show that the applicant has previously been and will continue to be a person of good moral character for naturalization. During the five year time period prior to filing the naturalization application and up to the time of the Oath of Allegiance generally the applicant must show GMC. Also prior to the five-year period whether the applicant meets the conduct requirement also may impact naturalization.

To naturalize prior to 1906 requirements like English knowledge, civics, history or understanding of the constitution principles were all not required. The applicant would become a US citizen if the court decides that he/she was a law abiding and productive person with good moral character. Unless an applicant understood provisions of the constitution it was found way back in 1908 by former Immigration Service and the Courts that proof to show attachment to the constitution which is required for naturalization was not possible to be ascertained.

Customizing language test

Amendments which included the English language requirement and based on age and residence some exemptions were made by Congress in 1940. This also included a provision in which based on understanding of their constitutional principles questioning the applicants were allowed.

Applicants who were not able to meet the educational requirements for naturalization because of a medical disability were in 1994 provided an exception by a legislation enacted by Congress. Based on age and residence Congress also amended the exceptions to the English requirement that are current today. United States citizenship and immigration services (USCIS) had redesigned the English and civics test on October 1, 2008.USCIS ensured with this redesigned test, that testing experience for all applicants were the same and opportunity to demonstrate their understanding of English and civics were provided equally.

Legal authority details

For educational requirements for naturalization in the Immigration and Nationality Act Part 312 Title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations (INA 312; 8 CFR 312) details were given. And for the general requirements for naturalization the Immigration and Nationality Act Part 316 Title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations (INA 316; 8 CFR 316) lists the details.

Register with selective service before filing US citizenship application.

sss selective service

 

With selective service all males in US generally should register after their 18th birthday within 30 days time or anytime before he turns 26 years of age. This registration was suspended by US government in April, 1975 but was again resumed in 1980. Intentionally failing or refusing to register for selective service an applicant contradicts his temperament to the good order and happiness of the United States. Also this shows no attachment to principles of the Constitution, no good moral character, and also no willingness to bear arms on behalf of the United States. By registering applicant benefit even when filing US citizenship application.

How to register?

At their local post office applicants can register for selective service, also by returning a Selective Service registration card received by mail or on Selective Service System website online. By calling (847) 688-6888 or at www.sss.gov, confirmation of registration may be obtained. As proof of registration the officer may also accept other convincing evidence presented by an applicant.

Appropriate data is transmitted by USCIS to the Selective Service System (SSS) for male applicants between the ages of 18 and 26 in order to assist them with the registration process for those who apply for adjustment of status.

USCIS assists with the registration process by transmitting the appropriate data to the Selective Service System (SSS) for male applicants between the ages of 18 and 26 who apply for adjustment of status. As his official proof of Selective Service registration an acknowledgement that is sent by Selective Service to the eligible male who has registered can be used.

Not registered with selective service?

Knowingly and intentionally refusing or failing to register with Selective service during the legal period will lead to USCIS denial of the naturalization application of an applicant. Before concluding that he failed to register a status information letter and registration acknowledgement card will be requested for the applicant by the officer. Same is the case while applying for American citizenship online also.

Whether a requirement to register existed will be indicated in the status information letter. The applicant’s failure to register was not a knowing or intentional act must be shown by a prevalence of the evidence by him. On behalf of the applicant if process is not completed due to failure on the part of USCIS or SSS then it will not constitute a willful failure to register on the part of the applicant.

In addition to failure to register it will show that the applicant is not well inclined to the good order and happiness of the US in cases where denial notice establishes intentional failure to register. Based on age of the applicant at time of US citizenship application filing and till the time of the oath this determination depends.

If aged below 26 years applicants are generally ineligible. If age is between 26 and 31 years for naturalization applicants may be ineligible but USCIS will give an opportunity to the applicant to show that it was not required for him to register or intentionally or knowingly he did not fail to do so. For applicants above 31 years of age they are eligible. Even if the applicant knowingly and intentionally fails to register, outside of the legal period only the applicant would have failed to register and so would be eligible for naturalization.

Registration not required

With selective service following males classes are not required to register:

  • If aged over 26 years
  • Between 18 and 26 years if age those who did not live in the United
  • Living in the US between 18 and 26 years of age but for the whole period maintained lawful non-immigrant status
  • Was born before December 31, 1959 but after March 29, 1957.

Filing early to gain citizenship status in US is allowed.

90 days USC

 

With the state or service district which has jurisdiction over the place of residence of the applicant he/she should file application in order to gain citizenship status in US generally. Prior to filing for at least three months the applicant should have resided in that location. Applicants may also make use of the applying for American citizenship online option available. The geographical area over which the USCIS office has jurisdiction is referred to as “Service district”. And the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands of the United States, Guam, Puerto Rico the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands are included in the term “State”.

Within the state where the applicant resides the Service District that has jurisdiction over an applicant’s application may or may not be located. Over more than one State some Service Districts may additionally have jurisdiction and more than one USCIS office are present in most States. The applicant is required to report the change of address after filing the naturalization application to USCIS in cases where an applicant changes or plans to change his or her residence. This helps in transferring the applicant’s A-file along with application to the appropriate office having jurisdiction over the applicant’s new place of residence.

What is place of residence?

The applicant’s primary, actual place of abode of the applicant with no regards to the intent is referred as “residence”.  From the moment the applicant first establishes residence in that location the duration of an applicant’s residence in a particular location is measured.

Provision for early filing

In Immigration and Nationality Act part 334 (INA 334) a 90-Day Early Filing Provision is available. Before he or she would first meet the required 5-year period of continuous residence as an lawful permanent resident (LPR) under the general naturalization provision an applicant may file his or her application up to 90 days before.  Until the applicant reaches the required five-year period of continuous residence as an LPR the applicant is not eligible for naturalization though an applicant may file early according to the 90 day early filing provision.

By counting back 90 days from the day before the applicant would have first satisfied the continuous residence requirement for naturalization USCIS calculates the early filing period. For example, USCIS will begin to calculate the 90-day early filing period from June 9, 2010 if the applicant would satisfy the five-year continuous residence requirement for the first time on June 10, 2010. In such a case, the earliest that the applicant is allowed to file would be March 12, 2010 that is 90 calendar days earlier.

Immediately preceding the examination on the application based on the three-month period the jurisdiction for filing will be in cases where within the required five-year period of continuous residence an applicant has filed early and the required three month period of residence in a State or Service District falls.

Expedited processing for application of SSI beneficiaries

Naturalization applications filed by applicants will be expedited by USCIS if by the Social Security Administration (SSA) their Supplemental Security Income (SSI) will be terminated within one year or less and for four months or more from the date of receipt by USCIS whose naturalization application have been pending. All eligibility requirements for naturalization should be met by each applicant still at the time of filing though USCIS will prioritize processing of these applications.

Either through an INFO PASS appointment or US postal mail or any courier service USCIS must be informed about approaching termination of benefits by applicants. They should do so by providing an explanation in the form of cover sheet or letter that within one year or less their SSI benefits would be terminated and also that from the date of receipt by USCIS the application for naturalization has been pending for four months or more. Indicating the termination of the SSI benefits, copy of the applicant’s most recent SSA letter with the USCIS alien number written the top right, should be provided.

Need exception from test after filing US citizenship application?

 

USCIS interpreters

Due to a disability an accommodation for taking the English and civics tests may be required by an applicant who has filed US citizenship application.In order to meet the applicant’s specific needs appropriate accommodation should be used by USCIS officer. Applicants could also opt to for applying for American citizenship online. For an exception from taking these naturalization tests also some applicants with disabilities may be qualified additionally.

Reading Test in Large Print if required

For applicants who are partially blind or with low vision the latest naturalization reading test version in larger prints should be provided by an officer.

Writing Test orally

Physically impaired applicants should be allowed to take writing test verbally by officer thus causing less or no use of hands. By spelling out words from the writing test the applicant may satisfy the writing requirements.

Nonverbal Communication

Actions like blinking, shaking or nodding of head, tapping, or other effective forms of communication that are nonverbal should be accepted by officer during the naturalization examination.  To answers on the application the officer should also allow the applicant to point and to the civics test if the applicant is not able to communicate verbally allow the applicant to write out the answers. Form of communication should be decided upon by the officer, the applicant, and also the applicant’s representative if present before the start of the naturalization examination.

Sign Language Interpreters

For applicants with hearing difficulties like being deaf or hard of hearing their requests should be given primary consideration by USCIS while deciding the type of accommodation to a person with disability. An English sign language interpreter should be provided for a deaf or applicant who is hard of hearing by the field officer on his or her request provided the applicant doesn’t opt to bring an interpreter of his or her own choice. As required the officer should use any communication aids available for the deaf or hard of hearing. Also the applicant must be permitted to read lips and also be allowed to answer in writing the officer’s questions.

Unable to take the Oath of Allegiance?

Some applicants may find it difficult to take the Oath of Allegiance at the oath ceremony due to a disability or medical impairment. Accommodations to the Oath of Allegiance are also available. For a waiver of the Oath of Allegiance also some applicants may qualify.

1.       For agreement to the Oath language is simplified

For better understanding of the questions regarding to the oath in a clear, simplified language and a slow manner the officer may question the applicant about the Oath of Allegiance. To agree to the Oath of allegiance and in order to understand that he/she is becoming a US citizen this approach will help the applicant to understand.

2.      Oath schedule is expedited

Due to a medical impairment in case an applicant will never be able to attend the oath ceremony a field office should expedite administration of the Oath of Allegiance. Ceremony on the day of examination itself or as an off-site visit the expedited process may occur.

3.      Oath taking with sign language interpreter

For a judicial ceremony during which a court is not able to provide an English sign language interpreter or during an administrative oath ceremony for an applicant who is deaf or is hard of hearing a field office should provide an English sign language interpreter.

4.      Administration of Oath off-site

Immediately after the off-site examination of an applicant who is unable to attend because of the medical conditions Oath of allegiance should be administered by a field officer. Due to worsening condition some applicants who may have appeared at the field office for the examination might not be able to attend the oath ceremony. To administer the Oath of Allegiance an off-site visit may be scheduled for such cases.

Important to file for US citizenship application hearing on time.

USCIS n336

The request is considered improperly filed if an applicant files a hearing request 30 days after receiving the denial notice by USCIS on a US citizenship application. If USCIS mail it the applicant is given 33 days of time. There is also an option of applying for American citizenship
online
. The hearing request is treated as a motion if the untimely hearing request of the applicant meets either the motion to reopen or the motion to reconsider requirements. In such instances based on the merits of the case USCIS renders a decision. The request is rejected without a fee refund if the request does not meet the motion requirements of the USCIS.

Request for hearing is treated as motion to reopen?

If applicant presents new evidences and facts the USCIS will treat the request filed late as a motion to reopen and only if request is based on the following:

  • There was no issue with the eligibility for the requested evidence which lead to the denial of the application;
  • The required initial evidence was submitted with the application, or the request for initial evidence or additional information or appearance was complied with during the allotted period; or
  • To wrong address USCIS sent the relevant correspondence or before USCIS sent the correspondence change of address was filed by the applicant in a timely manner.

Applicant request for hearing, even though it was filed late, is treated as a motion to reconsider by USCIS if:

  • Reasons for reconsideration is explained by the applicant
  • based on an incorrect application of law or USCIS policy only relevant standard decisions establish that the decision to deny was; and
  • At the time of the decision based on the evidence of record the applicant establishes that the decision to deny was incorrect.

If unauthorized person or entity filed requests USCIS considers the hearing request improperly filed. Without refund of filing fee USCIS rejects these requests.

Authorized person files requests improperly?

Without properly filing a notice of entry appearance permitting that person as applicant’s representative if an attorney or authorized person files request for hearing USCIS considers a hearing request improperly filed. For such cases within 15 days the officer must ask the attorney or representative to submit a proper filed notice.

The hearing request is considered properly filed if the attorney or representative replies with a properly executed notice within 15 days by the USCIS officer. Through the officer’s own motion to reopen the officer may nevertheless make a new decision favorable to the applicant without notifying the attorney or representative if the attorney or representative fails to do so.

After hearing with a USCIS officer if the naturalization application is denied a naturalization applicant may request judicial review before a United States district court. Before the United States District Court having jurisdiction over the applicant’s place of residence the applicant must file the request. As a new trial the district court reviews the case de novo and after its fact findings makes conclusions based on law.

US citizenship status check available online.

pledge-of-allegiance1

 

After US citizenship application is filed and once it is approved the applicant becomes a US citizen following other formalities. For one reason or other there is a delay in processing of the application or its denial. Unless the naturalization certificate is received the citizenship status is unpredictable in some cases. Possibility of a US citizen losing the status because of a marriage fraud or any other reason also happens. Sometimes an application could be approved after initial examination but before the administration of oath of allegiance there is possibility of the application being reopened and denied also. The option of applying for American citizenship online also could have been used.

What motion to reopen means?

A previously approved naturalization application could be reopened by a motion executed by an officer if offensive information about the applicant is received or USCIS gets to know prior to the Oath of Allegiance administration but after application is approved. Also without any valid reason for at least two Oaths of allegiance ceremonies the applicant fails to appear.

Through the motion to reopen notification is sent to the applicant after information her/him about the offensive information received or for not appearing for more than two ceremonies of Oath of Allegiance administration. To prevail over the offensive information received or to explain a valid reason for not appearing at the Oath ceremony and in response to the motion to reopen the applicant is given only 15 days time.

The officer will deny the motion to reopen the case and schedule an Oath of Allegiance ceremony in which applicant could appear if applicant explains her/himself about the derogatory information and hence qualifies for naturalization. The motion to reopen is granted by officer and based on its qualities application is denied if the applicant fails to prevail over the derogatory information.

If USCIS has received or gets to know about offensive information about an applicant administration of Oath of allegiance should not be scheduled by them. Once the matter is resolved in favor of applicant only then USCIS must not administer the Oath of Allegiance to the applicant.

Intention to be naturalized is abandoned if to at least two ceremonies to administer the Oath of allegiance the applicant fails to appear without providing a valid reason of good cause. In par with the receipt of offensive information USCIS will consider the failure to appear though the naturalization application is already approved.

Can open administratively closed application?

From the date the naturalization application was closed administratively within a period of one year by submitting a written request to USCIS the applicant may request to reopen it. No additional fees are required to be paid by the applicant in such cases. The date the request to reopen the naturalization application is received by USCIS from the applicant is considered as the date of filing the naturalization application in order to determine the naturalization eligibility. For both approval and denial of the motion to reopen the naturalization application the applicant is sent a notice by USCIS.

Attend interview with attorney in the process of becoming a citizen in US.

US lawyer

 

Completing the naturalization process and gaining US citizenship is in itself a time demanding tedious process. So to ensure the legal rights of the applicant are ensured during the interview process applicant can apply to have a representative to be present. As part of the process of becoming a citizen applicant should go through a in person interview. The presence and guidance of a representative, who could include attorneys or any other representatives, may be requested by applicant during the in-person interview. A properly completed notice of entry of appearance must be submitted to the USCIS by the representative.

The applicant must sign a waiver of representation form if he/she decides in case to proceed without a representative’s assistance.  The officer must reschedule the interview in cases where the applicant does not want to continue with the interview without his/her representative. If the representative fails to appear for multiple scheduled interviews officers should consult with a supervisor for further course of action. Applicants also have the option of applying for American citizenship online.

To ensure that the legal rights of the applicant are protected is the main role of a representative. To the questions directed to the applicant by the officer the representative should not answer but instead they may advise his or her client on points of law.

Any of the following could be an applicant’s representative:

  • United States attorneys;
  • Some of the law students and law graduates though not yet admitted to the bar could represent. They are mostly trustworthy individuals who are of good moral character. They may also have a pre-existing relationship with the applicant and usually do not receive any payment for the representation;
  • From organizations accredited by the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) accredited representatives;
  • A person may owe loyalty to accredited officials of the government; or
  • From outside United States any attorney.

Apart from the above listed person no one else can represent a person.

When interpreters are needed?

Cases where the applicant is allowed to take the help of a interpreter either by the applicant or by USCIS an interpreter may be selected.  The role of an interpreter is:

  • To the best of her or his knowledge and ability what the officer and the applicant are saying word for word should be translated. The interpreter should not provide own opinion, commentary or answer to the officer’s questions and
  • At the naturalization interview a copy of the interpreter identification which was issued by the government should be submitted and he/she should also complete an interpreter’s oath and privacy release statement.

As an interpreter a person without interest should not be selected. Also the officer can carry out the examination in the applicant’s choice of language in case the USCIS officer is well versed in the applicant’s native language. If an officer finds that the truthfulness of the examination is compromised by the interpreter’s involvement the right to disqualify an interpreter provided by the applicant is with USCIS.

Information on evolution of naturalization process for US citizenship.

naturalization old

 

Immigrants from all parts of the world are welcome to US from many years now. US have a legacy of being a land of opportunity and freedom and it values the contribution of immigrants who help in preserving this country. With integrity the USCIS provides immigration and naturalization benefits and takes pride in its role of maintaining the country’s tradition as a immigrants nation.

US constitution guarantees rights and freedom and around its civic ideals and belief as a unique bond US citizenship unites people. Based on the fundamental value that persons, whether foreign or native born, are created equal and the promise of citizenship is based on it and is to allow them from all backgrounds to have an equal chance in the US future. Eligible immigrants can opt for applying for American citizenship online also.

The US citizenship and naturalization are governed by laws and policies. Accordingly, to determine the following USCIS evaluates benefit request for citizenship and naturalization:

  • Before identifying their gain or origin of US citizenship checks if children, born in foreign countries, of U.S. citizens by birth or naturalization meet the eligibility requirements
  • To become U.S. citizens based on their time as lawful permanent residents if they meet the eligibility requirements.
  • Based on marriage to US citizen persons applying for naturalization through the provisions for spouses of U.S. citizens meet the eligibility requirements for naturalization.
  • To ensure that expeditiously qualified applicants are naturalized through military provisions since members of the U.S. armed forces and their families are eligible for naturalization.
  • With certain exceptions to the general requirements for naturalization persons working abroad for certain entities, including the U.S. Government, meet the eligibility requirements.

Evolution of naturalization process

Retroactively as of 1776 the first US citizens, upon the adoption of the U.S. Constitution in 1787, were granted citizenship status. At that time neither there was no need for an application for citizenship, nor the taking of an Oath of Allegiance. To show that they owed their allegiance to the new Government and accepted its protection, at the close of the war and the time of independence, persons only needed to remain in the United States. After that according to the naturalization act of 1790 uniform rule of naturalization and oath of allegiance was established, which required 2 years of residency for naturalization and also good moral character in the applicants. Residency requirement was then increased to 14 years from 2 years and naturalization act of 1798 allowed deportation of dangerous foreign nationals. Then according to naturalization act of 1802 residency was reduced to 5 year period.

Persons suffering from contagious diseases, polygamists and who were convicted with serious misdemeanors were not eligible according to naturalization act of 1891. The naturalization act of 1906 introduced standardized procedure for naturalization according to which applicants should have English knowledge and also bureau of immigration and naturalization was established. Finally according to the 1940 alien registration act applicants had to register and had finger printing done for all aliens above 14 years of age. Evolution in the process lead to the Immigration and nationality act(INA) of 1952.