Information on process of becoming a citizen in US.



US citizenship could be derived or acquired by a person at birth. By being born in the US and areas subject to US jurisdiction a person becomes a US citizen at birth. Born in certain territories or faraway possessions of the United States persons are also eligible for citizenship at birth. For process of becoming a citizen at birth following persons are also included:

  • Persons born in Puerto Rico on or after April 11, 1899
  • on or after February 26, 1904 persons born in Canal Zone or Republic of Panama
  • on or after January 17, 1917 persons born in Virgin Islands
  • on August 1, 1950 if residing in Guam or territory and born after April 11, 1899

Persons are considered nationals but not citizens of the United States if they are generally born in American Samoa and Swain Island. If one or both parents were U.S. citizens at their time of birth, in addition, persons who are born outside of the United States may be U.S. citizens at birth. Through naturalization persons who are not U.S. citizens at birth may become U.S. citizens and time period on how long to become citizen depends. By any means whatsoever confer of U.S. citizenship after birth is Naturalization.

Generally after judging the naturalization application which the applicant files, USCIS issues citizenship to that applicant. By operation of law also a person becomes a US citizen in some cases and it is called deriving citizenship. All requirements that are established by Congress, for either of the instances, the foreign national or citizen should fulfill. A person in most cases unless and until he/she is admitted to the United States for permanent residence lawfully is not naturalized.

One of the most important decisions an immigrant can make is the decision to become a US citizen. Equal rights and privileges of a US citizen is shared by the naturalized US citizen.

The following are the abilities the US citizenship provided to immigrants:

  • Voting in the Federal elections
  • U.S. Passport with which you can travel
  • Only with citizenship you can run for elective office
  • Participate on a jury
  • for federal and certain law enforcement jobs you become eligible
  • certain State and Federal benefits not available to non-citizens can be obtained
  • for minor children born abroad citizenship can be obtained
  • to the United States with their increased and  accelerated ability family members could be brought in

Congress has the exclusive authority, as it has long been established, and power to establish a uniform rule of naturalization under its constitution. And also to enact legislation through which upon people US citizenship may be conferred.

By various courts designated in rulings enacted by Congress since 1790 and before 1991 naturalization within the US was a judicial function exercised to establish a uniform rule of naturalization under its constitutional power.

To the Attorney General, who now is the Secretary of DHS, Congress transferred the naturalization authority as of October 1, 1991. As are necessary to properly implement the Secretary’s authority USCIS is authorized to perform such acts. An applicant for naturalization in certain cases may choose to have the Oath of Allegiance administered by USCIS or by an eligible court with jurisdiction. To administer the Oath of Allegiance eligible courts may choose to have exclusive authority.

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