Information on evolution of naturalization process for US citizenship.

naturalization old

 

Immigrants from all parts of the world are welcome to US from many years now. US have a legacy of being a land of opportunity and freedom and it values the contribution of immigrants who help in preserving this country. With integrity the USCIS provides immigration and naturalization benefits and takes pride in its role of maintaining the country’s tradition as a immigrants nation.

US constitution guarantees rights and freedom and around its civic ideals and belief as a unique bond US citizenship unites people. Based on the fundamental value that persons, whether foreign or native born, are created equal and the promise of citizenship is based on it and is to allow them from all backgrounds to have an equal chance in the US future. Eligible immigrants can opt for applying for American citizenship online also.

The US citizenship and naturalization are governed by laws and policies. Accordingly, to determine the following USCIS evaluates benefit request for citizenship and naturalization:

  • Before identifying their gain or origin of US citizenship checks if children, born in foreign countries, of U.S. citizens by birth or naturalization meet the eligibility requirements
  • To become U.S. citizens based on their time as lawful permanent residents if they meet the eligibility requirements.
  • Based on marriage to US citizen persons applying for naturalization through the provisions for spouses of U.S. citizens meet the eligibility requirements for naturalization.
  • To ensure that expeditiously qualified applicants are naturalized through military provisions since members of the U.S. armed forces and their families are eligible for naturalization.
  • With certain exceptions to the general requirements for naturalization persons working abroad for certain entities, including the U.S. Government, meet the eligibility requirements.

Evolution of naturalization process

Retroactively as of 1776 the first US citizens, upon the adoption of the U.S. Constitution in 1787, were granted citizenship status. At that time neither there was no need for an application for citizenship, nor the taking of an Oath of Allegiance. To show that they owed their allegiance to the new Government and accepted its protection, at the close of the war and the time of independence, persons only needed to remain in the United States. After that according to the naturalization act of 1790 uniform rule of naturalization and oath of allegiance was established, which required 2 years of residency for naturalization and also good moral character in the applicants. Residency requirement was then increased to 14 years from 2 years and naturalization act of 1798 allowed deportation of dangerous foreign nationals. Then according to naturalization act of 1802 residency was reduced to 5 year period.

Persons suffering from contagious diseases, polygamists and who were convicted with serious misdemeanors were not eligible according to naturalization act of 1891. The naturalization act of 1906 introduced standardized procedure for naturalization according to which applicants should have English knowledge and also bureau of immigration and naturalization was established. Finally according to the 1940 alien registration act applicants had to register and had finger printing done for all aliens above 14 years of age. Evolution in the process lead to the Immigration and nationality act(INA) of 1952.

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